BIOGRAPHY OF SALAHUDDIN AYUBI PDF

The courageous soldier and tiger of Islam Sultan Yusuf Salahuddin Ayyubi was born in Tikrit Fortress of Iraq on ( Hijri), he was the son. Biography of Salahuddin Ayyubi – Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb (Arabic: صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب , Kurdish: سەلا. Salahuddin Al-Ayubi ( – AD) was born of Kurdish family in Tikrit ( km northwest of Baghdad) near the river Tigris in M. His childhood was spent.

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Saladin climbed the ranks of the Fatimid government by virtue of his military successes against Crusader assaults against its territory and his personal closeness to al-Adid.

Afterward, in the spring ofNur ad-Din sent Saladin’s father to Egypt in compliance with Saladin’s request, as well as encouragement from the Baghdad -based Abbasid caliph, al-Mustanjidwho aimed to pressure Saladin in deposing his rival caliph, al-Adid. Saladin replaced the Hanafi courts with Shafi’i administration, despite a promise he would not interfere in the bipgraphy leadership of the city.

The sons listed by Imad number fifteen, but elsewhere he writes that Saladin biograhpy survived by seventeen sons and one daughter. He also accused Izz al-Din’s forces of disrupting the Muslim “Holy War” against the Crusaders, stating “they are not content not to fight, but they prevent those who can. Saladin stressed that all this would happen by the will of God, and instead of asking for financial or military support from the caliph, he would capture and give the caliph the territories of TikritDaquqKhuzestanKish Islandand Oman.

After the death of Zangi inhis son, Nur ad-Din, became the regent of Aleppo and the leader of the Zengids. Later, in August, the Ayyubids launched a naval and ground assault to capture Beirut ; Saladin led his army in the Bekaa Valley.

Salahuddin Ayubi – Biography – IMDb

Jerusalem fell to Saladin. After eighty eight 88 years of first crusade of Constantinople Muslims offered Jummah Namaz in Masjid-e-Aqsa, the pulpit that was made by Sultan Noor ad-din Zangi for Masjid-e-Aqsa in his life, salahusdin brought from Damascus and placed there in mosque. Seeing that confrontation was unavoidable, Saladin prepared for battle, taking up a superior position at the Horns of Hamahills by the gorge of the Orontes River.

It is equally true that his generosity, his piety, devoid of fanaticism, that flower of liberality and courtesy which had been the model of our old chroniclers, won him no less popularity in Frankish Syria than in the lands of Islam.

This time, Egyptian forces advanced from Aswan and captured the Nubian town of Ibrim. In response, Salahuddin built a fleet of 30 galleys to attack Beirut in When the Crusader force—reckoned to salahuddinn the largest the kingdom ever produced from its own resources, but still outmatched by the Muslims—advanced, the Ayyubids unexpectedly moved down the stream of Ain Jalut.

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Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Giography bless him and grant him peace, said, “When you come upon the meadows of the Garden, graze in them. The Zengid forces panicked and most of Saif al-Din’s officers ended up being killed or captured—Saif al-Din narrowly escaped. One of his wives, Shamsah, is buried with her son al-Aziz in the tomb of al-Shafi’i. Views Read View source View history. His assaults were again resisted, but he managed to secure not only a truce, but a mutual alliance with Aleppo, in which Gumushtigin and as-Salih were allowed to continue their hold on the city and in return, they recognized Saladin as the sovereign over all of the dominions he conquered.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In military Sholahuddin admired when Richard injuries, Saladin offers treatment in time of war at which time medical science has advanced and the Muslims believe.

Consequently, the Nubians departed; but returned in and were again driven off. It was not an attempt to extend the Crusader influence into that sea or to capture its trade routes, but merely a piratical move.

He could also take it upon himself to annex Syria before it could possibly fall into the hands of a rival, but he feared that attacking a land that formerly belonged to his master—forbidden in the Islamic principles in which he believed—could portray him as hypocritical, thus making him unsuitable for leading the war against the Crusaders.

Each force returned to their cities and al-Fadil wrote: In JulySaladin tried to threaten Richard’s command of the coast by attacking Jaffa. This video is produced by Why-Islam. Most Muslim historians claim that Saladin’s uncle, the governor of Hama, mediated a peace agreement between him and Sinan. Saladin and Shirkuh moved towards Alexandria where they were welcomed, given money, arms and provided a base.

Once he reached Bira, near the river, he was joined by Kukbary and Nur al-Din of Hisn Kayfa and the combined forces captured the cities of Jazira, one after the other. The Christians would be allowed to travel as unarmed pilgrims to Jerusalem, and Saladin’s kingdom would be at peace with the Crusader states for the following three years.

He also reported that they intended to attack Medina and remove Muhammad ‘s body.

His chivalrous behavior was noted by Christian chroniclers, especially in the accounts of the siege of Kerak in Moab, and despite being the nemesis of the Crusaders he won the respect of many of them, including Richard the Lionheart; rather than becoming a hated figure in Europe, he became a celebrated example of the principles of chivalry.

Abu Hurayra reported from Abu Sa’id al-Khudri that the [ History is full of his greatest achievements, but here, we are highlighting his two major achievements that are recognized not only by Muslim world but his enemies. Saladin has become a prominent figure in MuslimArabTurkish and Kurdish culture[9] and he has often been described as being the most famous Kurd in history.

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Continue to Biography of Salahuddin Ayyubi.

Salah al-Din al-Ayubbi (“Saladin”)

He ordered one of his generals, Farrukh-Shah, to guard the Damascus frontier with a thousand of his men to watch for an attack, then to retire, avoiding battle, and to light warning beacons on the hills, after which Saladin would march out. Master Narratives of Islamist Extremism. Based in the an-Nusayriyah Mountainsthey commanded nine fortressesall salahudddin on high elevations.

This section needs additional citations for verification. From then on, he ordered prayers in all the mosques of Syria and Egypt as biograaphy sovereign king and he issued at the Cairo mint gold coins buography his official title— al-Malik an-Nasir Yusuf Ayyub, ala ghaya “the King Strong to Aid, Joseph son of Job; exalted be the standard.

Saladin agreed to a truce with Bohemond in return for Muslim prisoners being held by him and then he gave A’zaz to Alam ad-Din Suleiman and Aleppo to Saif al-Din al-Yazkuj—the former was an emir of Aleppo who joined Saladin and the latter was a former mamluk of Shirkuh who helped rescue him from the assassination attempt at A’zaz.

With Shawar reinstated as vizier, he engaged salahuddln a power struggle with Shirkuh, which saw the former realigning himself with Crusader king Amalric.

Saladin sent out skirmishers to harass their forces, and he himself marched to Ain Jalut. His unmatchable battle tactics and gallantry as a soldier, heroic statesmanship and his strength of character won him the respect of even his foes.

In this battle alone the Crusader army was largely annihilated by the motivated army of Salahuddin. Ibn al-Athir claims that the caliph chose him after being told by his advisers that “there is no one weaker or younger” than Saladin, and “not one of the emirs [commanders] obeyed him or served him”. He threatened to attack the city of Malatyasaying, “it is two days march for me and I shall not dismount [my horse] until I am in the city.

The Crusaders, who were hungry and poverty-stricken, were astonished at that noble chivalry and mercy from their enemy. The concept and the culture of war hero is a celebration of the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad that we know called Maulud or mawlid, milad comes from the word that means the year, as the term meaningful birthday.

The Franks urged her to approach Saladin herself with her grievance.