Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. We say a hypergraph is Berge- -saturated if it does not contain a Berge-, but adding any hyperedge creates a copy of Berge-. The -uniform. For a (0,1)-matrix, we say that a (0,1)-matrix has as a \emph{Berge hypergraph} if there is a submatrix of and some row and column.

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In contrast with the polynomial-time recognition of planar graphsit is NP-complete to determine whether a hypergraph has a planar subdivision drawing, [22] but the existence of a drawing of this type may be tested efficiently when the adjacency pattern of the regions is constrained to be a path, cycle, or tree.

So a hypergrapus hypergraph is a graph, a 3-uniform hypergraph is a collection of unordered triples, and so on.

Graphs And Hypergraphs : Claude Berge : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive

bereg H is k -regular if every vertex has degree k. For such a hypergraph, set membership then provides an ordering, but the ordering is neither a partial order nor a preordersince it is not transitive.

If a hypergraph is both edge- and vertex-symmetric, then the hypergraph is simply transitive. A subhypergraph is a hypergraph with some vertices removed. On the universal relation. Retrieved from ” https: Hypergarphs, such a hypergraph is said to have Property B.

In another style of hypergraph visualization, the subdivision model of hypergraph drawing, [21] the plane is subdivided into regions, each of which represents a single vertex of the hypergraph.

The hyperedges of the hypergraph are represented by contiguous hypergraphx of these regions, which may hypegrraphs indicated by coloring, by drawing outlines around them, or both. The 2-colorable hypergraphs are exactly the bipartite ones. Dauber, in Graph theoryed. The generalized incidence matrix for such hypergraphs is, by definition, a square matrix, of a rank equal to the total number of vertices plus edges.


In one possible visual representation for hypergraphs, similar to the standard graph drawing style in which curves in the plane are used to depict graph edges, a hypergraph’s vertices are depicted as points, disks, or boxes, and its hyperedges are depicted as trees that have the vertices as their leaves. However, it jypergraphs often desirable to study hypergraphs where all hyperedges have the same cardinality; a k – uniform hypergraph is a hypergraph such that all its hyperedges have size k.

The partial hypergraph is a hypergraph with some edges removed. Conversely, any bipartite graph with fixed parts and no unconnected nodes in the second part represents some hypergraph in the manner described above.

An algorithm for tree-query membership of a distributed query.


Simple linear-time algorithms to test chordality of graphs, test acyclicity of hypergraphs, and selectively reduce acyclic hypergraphs. By augmenting a class of hypergraphs with replacement rules, graph grammars can be generalised to allow hyperedges. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Minimum number of used hyperrgaphs colors over all colorings is called the chromatic number of a hypergraph.

This bipartite graph is also called incidence graph. The collection of hypergraphs is a category with hypergraph homomorphisms as morphisms. As this loop is hypeggraphs recursive, sets that are the edges violate the axiom hyypergraphs foundation. Views Read Edit View history. March”Multilevel hypergraph partitioning: In one, the edges consist not only of a set of vertices, but may also contain subsets of vertices, subsets of subsets of vertices and so on ad infinitum.


One possible generalization of a hypergraph is to allow edges to point at other edges. However, the transitive closure of set membership for such hypergraphs does induce a partial orderand “flattens” the hypergraph into a partially ordered set.

Hypergraphs can be viewed as incidence structures. While graph edges are pairs of nodes, hyperedges are arbitrary sets of nodes, and can therefore contain an arbitrary number of nodes.

A hypergraph is also called a set system or a family of sets drawn from the universal set X. A first definition of acyclicity for hypergraphs was given by Claude Berge: Some mixed hypergraphs are uncolorable for any number of colors. In particular, there is a bipartite “incidence graph” or ” Levi graph ” corresponding to every hypergraph, and conversely, most, but not all, bipartite graphs can be regarded as incidence graphs of hypergraphs.

This allows graphs with edge-loops, which need not contain vertices at all. A general criterion for uncolorability is unknown. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hypergraphs. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

Hypergraphs have many other names. Because of hypergraph duality, the study of edge-transitivity is identical to the study of vertex-transitivity.

Generalization of graph theory. Computing the transversal hypergraph has applications in combinatorial optimizationhpergraphs game theoryand in several fields of computer science such as machine learningindexing of databasesthe satisfiability problemdata miningand computer program optimization.

In computational geometrya hypergraph may sometimes be called a range space and then the hyperedges are called ranges.