Full colour printed textbook of Automated Ultrasonic Testing for Pipeline Girth Welds for NDT cover. : 3This. The use of ultrasonics to test pipeline girth welds during pipeline today, the use of automated ultrasonic testing (AUT) of girth welds is becoming increasingly. This page book provides an overview of the principles of automated ultrasonic testing (AUT) of girth welds, and explains the many parameters that influence.

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Adequate time was given to each AUT company to ensure that they would not be pressured by time.

TRIALS The two pipe spools were located with good access and good facilities in terms of comfort — a dry working environment with light, power and water. Measuring the through-wall height of a defect by ultrasonics is conventional, but is prone to errors.

This does not appear wslds be done generally and needs to be included in specifications. The distribution of length and types of defect pipwline in the tests. Samples of both were prepared containing a range of defects.

Automated Ultrasonic inspection of Girth Welds in Seamless Pipes with the Olympus PipeWIZARD

The two features were included into a set of other, real areas of porosity and the list fed back to each AUT contractor. These are not included in the cost of shipping or welde of your order.

To learn more about how we use cookies on this website, and how you can restrict our use of cookies, please review our Cookie Policy. The evolution of the equipment has thus led to a complex set of data requiring analysis. There is some degree of radiation hazard to the public and operators in using x-rays and Transco have considered whether this can be reduced or removed.


Data for every thickness are recorded and easily selected in the software after a single scan of the calibration block or weld. The LoF defect on the left fusion face, at 5 mm from the outer surface, was found by all but one AUT system.

Automated Ultrasonic Testing for Pipeline Girth Welds

Each of the internal slots was eventually detected across the board one company did so only on a second attempt. Mechanized or Automated Ultrasonic Testing of pipeline girth welds is now in common use in the on – and offshore industry.

The ultrasonic properties of the seam weld material are unknown, so it cannot be assumed that the ultrasonic beams are appropriately targeted. An on-the-job test of operator competence has been proposed for Transco operations, much as is done for welders.

This degree of rigor was warranted since the RT results were to be used as the baseline automwted evaluate the reliability of the AUT results.

Automated Ultrasonic inspection of Girth Welds in Seamless Pipes with the Olympus PipeWIZARD

Copper cracking was generally misclassified and transverse defects were not detected reliably. This ensures that the inspection setup takes into account all possible variations in thicknesses of the pipe and that all beams are properly calibrated before acquiring data on the weld. Defects associated with copper in the weld.

The location of the seam weld is generally visible on the TOFD trace.

Conventional, zone-based sizing can give an error band in the range from mm. Some of the defects were cut open to confirm their nature and size. This geometry difference may account to some degree for the missed defects. Seven AUT contracting companies were invited to bring their equipment to inspect the welds at a Transco site and report on the defects they found.


Measures, including training, need to be considered in order to guarantee the quality of contractor performance and fro would best be addressed as an industry-wide activity.

This is confirmed by these results. Journal of the Japanese Welding Society. This was because it was intended to test only the capability of the equipment and interpretation. In work was conducted by British Gas to assess five ultrasonic scanner ultfasonic to replace x-rays but they were all found to have deficiencies, especially in discriminating different defect types. Schematic of pulse-echo reflection beam paths. Neither is it yet a viable method of sizing defects in field operations where rapid processing is required.

It was carried out by Advantica Technologies on behalf of Transco. Such cracking could not readily be induced during automatde so it was decided to machine narrow slots into the welds after fabrication. No trend was evident to suggest that either better or worse results were obtained with the phased arrays.

It was decided to conduct a trial of several AUT systems to establish the capabilities.

An accuracy of better than 1 mm has been cited ulttrasonic it is unlikely to be as good for real defects. Misclassifying a planar defect as volumetric might effectively be the same as missing it altogether, since it might not be investigated or repaired. Breakdown of missed defects.