Fisiopatologia cardiaca en cardiocirugia. AR. Andres Rojas. Updated 18 March Transcript. Activación del sistema renina – angiotensina – aldosterona. Introducción. La disfunción endotelial en la antesala de las complicaciones hipertensivas. La aterogenesis acelerada del paciente hipertenso: daño indirecto . Aterogenesis. Respsvin. ;9(4). Finn A. V., Nakano M., Narula J., Kolodgie F. D., Virmani R. Concept of vulnerable/unstable plaque.

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Aspirin has been recommended as a primary and secondary therapy to prevent cardiovascular events in diabetic and nondiabetic individuals.

Diabetes Care 36, Suppl 1 January ppt descargar

Disminuye GLUT-2 y 4. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Smoking is also related to the premature development of microvascular complications of diabetes and may have a role in the development of type 2 diabetes. Severe or frequent hypoglycemia is an indication for the modification of treatment regimens, including setting higher glycemic goals. Conclusions The present study supports the recommendation that the MeDiet is a very useful dietary pattern in the primary prevention of CVD.

Their risk is further accentuated if cardiac autonomic neuropathy coexists. Baseline characteristics of the participants at high risk for cardiovascular disease included in the study and classified according to the dietary intervention administered.

A Diabetic retinopathy is a highly specific vascular complication of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The present study supports the recommendation that the MeDiet is a very useful dietary pattern in the primary prevention of CVD. Polyphenol intake from a Mediterranean diet decreases inflammatory biomarkers related to atherosclerosis: Special considerations should include assessment of level of nicotine dependence, which is associated with difficulty in quitting and relapse.

However, the absolute risks and benefits of lower targets are unknown. Carotid intima-media thickness changes with Mediterranean diet: In addition to glycemic control, several other factors seem to increase the risk of retinopathy.


Some of these patients, though clearly not all, have significant coronary stenoses if they proceed to angiography.

Type 2 diabetes Type 2 diabetes is frequently not diagnosed until complications appear, and approximately one-third of all people with diabetes may be undiagnosed.

There are no clinical trial data available for the effects of glycemic control in patients with advanced complications, the elderly 65 years of ageor young children 13 years of age. When retinopathy is more severe, scatter photocoagulation surgery should be considered, and usually should not be delayed, if the eye has reached the high-risk proliferative stage. Fasting is defined as no caloric intake for at least agerogenesis h.

Fisiopatologia cardiaca en cardiocirugia by Andres Rojas on Prezi

Cytokines, macrophage lipid metabolism and foam cells: All participants provided signed informed consent. These results would provide support for encouraging type 2 atsrogenesis individuals who are already exercising at moderate intensity to consider increasing the intensity of their exercise in order to obtain additional benefits in both aerobic fitness and glycemic control.

Las dosis recomendadas se aprecian en la diapositiva. The prevalence aterogenesos retinopathy is strongly related to the duration of diabetes. Criteria for testing for diabetes in asymptomatic, undiagnosed adults are listed in Aterogennesis 3. An algorithm for adjusting premeal insulin doses to correct for blood glucose values outside of target ranges is appropriate for most patients with type 1 diabetes and insulintreated type 2 diabetes.

Frequency of exercise The U. Dietary fat intake and the risk of coronary heart disease in women.

To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy. As shown in Table 1all the participants 22 per group selected had similar characteristics to those of the whole group demographic characteristics, medication taken, and adiposity and CVD risk factors.

B Issues of smoking in diabetes are reviewed in detail in the ADA technical review and position statement on smoking cessation. The acute glycemic response correlates better with the glucose content than with the carbohydrate content of the food. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Chemokines and their receptors in atherosclerosis. Individuals at high risk should be screened for diabetes and pre-diabetes. In addition, optimal use of SMBG requires proper interpretation of the data.


Adherence to supplemental foods was good in the two MeDiets. Many patients will require three or more drugs to reach target goals. Casual is defined as any time of day without regard to time since last meal. The results of this study show that the MeDiet and its antioxidant compounds interfere with the atherosclerotic inflammatory process by downregulating proinflammatory biomarkers and upregulating biomarkers related to atheroma stability plaque. Diabetes Res ; Four did not fulfill the inclusion criteria, six declined to participate, and the diet could not be changed in one.

Many factors must be considered when undertaking the effort to modify the course of glucose intolerance. Because of the acute onset of symptoms, most cases of type 1 diabetes are detected soon after symptoms develop.

Dismiuye GLUT-2 y 4. ACE inhibitors have been shown to improve cardiovascular outcomes in high— cardiovascular risk patients with or without hypertension. To evaluate the long-term effects of a Mediterranean diet MeDiet intervention on the plasma concentrations of inflammatory and plaque stability-related molecules in elderly people at high risk for cardiovascular disease.

Diabetes Care 36, Suppl 1 January 2013

M-CSF, which is present in the circulation, predominantly produces M2-type macrophages with increased phagocytic activity and characterized by the aaterogenesis of interleukin IL [ 30 ]. Thereafter, the data were processed and analyzed with the Bio-Plex Manager 6. Dicho de otra manera: Metabolism ; 46 Suppl 1: Am Heart J ;