Sebond’s reasons are weak. II. Responses to the first objection () i. Reason may be used to support the truths that faith reveals () ii. Faith has not been. For a reputedly humanistic and temperate philosophy, the Apology [sic] for Raymond Sebond comes off as one of the most intemperate of. Complete summary of Michel Eyquem de Montaigne’s Apology for Raymond Sebond. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of Apology for.

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Was not this a very strict covenant?

The Essays of Montaigne/Book II/Chapter XII – Wikisource, the free online library

Generation is the chiefest naturall action: Marke but ryamond divers turnings and severall kinds of motions which by the commandement of their bare words they make them performe: And what is that but the effect of a very subtill spirit? Wherein apoloby wee give them a great advantage over us, to infer that nature, led by a certaine loving kindnesse, leadeth and accompanieth them as it were by the hand unto all the actions and commodities of their life; and that she forsaketh and leaveth us to the hazard of fortune; and by art to quest and finde out those things that are behovefull and necessarie for appology preservation: We must not forget what Plutarke affirmeth to have seene a dog in Rome doe before the Emperour Vespasian the father in the Theatre of Marcellus.

It was a strange taske and new occupation for me: This Plutarke witnesseth to have seen in the Iland of Anticyra. Could they ever draw any ease for the gout from logike? And even as there have beene found, certaine furious longings and unnaturall desires which have provoked men unto the love of beasts, so have diverse times some of them beene drawn to love us, and are possessed with monstrous affections from one kind to another: The tenor of the oath ministred unto the schollars that entered and were admitted the rude schoole of Roman Gladiators emplied these promises, which was this: The men that serve us doe it better cheape, and for raymobd lesse curious and favourable entreating than seond use unto birds, unto horses, and unto dogges.

Apology for Raymond Sebond

It is one same nature which still doth keepe her course. There are many of them that lively represent the visage of our avarice, who with a greedy kinde of desire endevour to surprise whatsoever comes within their reach, and though they reap no commodity, nor have any use of it, to hide the same very curiously.

Mans wit could never yet attaine to the full knowledge of that admirable kind of building or structure which the Halcyon useth in contriving of her neast, no, nor devise what it is of. And how much worse doth France than speak it. Can there be a more formall and better ordained policie, divided into so severall charges and offices, more constantly entertained, and better maintained, than that of Bees?

Which objection seemeth to containe some zeale of pietie; by reason whereof we ought, with so much more mildnes and regard, endevour to satisfie them that propose it. Whereas, in other creatures there wpology nothing but we love and pleaseth our senses: I found the conceits of the author to be excellent, the contexture of his worke well daymond, and his project full of pietie. The opinion of wisdome is the plague of man.


Amongst other slaves, that in sight of all the people were presented to encounter with these beasts, there chanced to be one Androclus of Dacia, who belonged unto a Roman Lord who had been Consull. I say, which is the goodliest and richest present nature can impart unto us. As for mee I love them indeed, but yet I worship them not.

The Essays of Montaigne/Book II/Chapter XII

I finde the Camels and the Estridges necke much more raised and upright than ours. It is no great marvell if we understand them not: Shall we believe him: I had not long been there but in comes this Lion, with one of his pawes sore hurt, and bloody-goared, wailing for the smart, and groaning for the paine he felt; at whose arrivall I was much dismaied, but he seeing me lie close-cowering in a corner of his den, gently made his approaches unto me, holding forth his goared paw toward me and seemed with shewing the same humbly to sue rsymond suppliantly to beg for help at my hands.

And so we often refuse it rwymond meere contempt: But at last, wearied with this kind of brutish life, the Lion being one day gone to purchase his wonted prey, I left the place, hoping to mend my fortunes, apooogy having wandred up and downe three dayes, I was at last taken by certaine souldiers, which from Africa brought me into this Citie to my Master againe, who immediately condemned me to death, and to be devoured by wilde beasts. And no man can doubt but that it is a most excellent and commendable enterprise, properly to accommodate and fit to the service of our faith, the natural apolofy and humane implements which God hath bestowed upon us.

And few examples have rqymond noted that ever it fortuned they turned upon their owns troupes, whereas we head-long throng one upon another, and so are put to ssbond. Seeing that not a man alone, nor a king only, but monarchies and empires; yea, and all the world sebomd is moved at the shaking of one of the least heavenly motions. As the Spider to weave and sew, the Swallow to build, the Swan and the Nightingale musicke, and divers beasts, by imitating them, the art of Physicke: Moreover, that part of natures favours which we impart unto beasts, is by our owne sebnod much more advantageous unto them.

Let us see what hold-fast or free-hold he hath in this gorgeous and goodly equipage. From obeying and yeelding unto him proceed all other vertues, even sebod all sinnes derive from selfe-overweening.

Plato and these examples conclude that we are brought to beleeve in God either by reason or by compulsion, Atheisme being a proposition as unnaturall and monstrous as it is hard and uneasie to be established in any mans minde, how insol ent and unruly soever he may be: They establish, saith he, by the reason of their judgement, that whatsoover is reported of hell, or of after-comming paines, is but a fiction: This notable author was of opinion that in, the greatest part of the corporall forme which nature hath bestowed on them, she hath only respected the use of the prognostications, which in his daies were thereby gathered.


If we be not pleased as Socrates is to make this noble prerogative over beasts, to be of force, that whereas nature hath subscribed them certaine seasons and bounds for their naturall lust and voluptuousnesse, she hath given us apolofy all howers and occasions the full reines of them.

What preacheth truth unto us, when it biddeth us flie and shun worldly philosophy; when it so often telleth us ‘that all our wisdome is but folly before God; that of all vanities man is the greatest; that man, who presumeth of his knowledge, doth apoloyg yet know what knowledge is: Touching a subtil pranke and witty tricke, is there any so famous as that of Thales the philosopher’s mule, which, laden with salt, passing thorow a river chanced to stumble, so that the sacks she carried were all wet, and perceiving the salt because the water had melted it to grow lighter, ceased not, as seene as she rzymond neere any water, together with her load, to plunge herselfe therein, untill her master, being aware of her craft, commanded her to be laden with wooll, which being wet became heavier; the mule finding herselfe deceived, used her former policy no more.

The fantastic, imaginary, ofr privileges that man has arrogated to himself, of regimenting, arranging, and fixing truth, he honestly renounced and gave up. These fog lustfull longings which the ignorance of good, and a false opinion, have possest us with, are in number so infinite that in a manner they expell all those which are naturall, even as if there were fpr many strangers in a city that should either banish and expell all the naturall inhabitants apolkgy, or utterly suppresse their ancient power and authority, and absolutely usurping the same, take possession of it.

What maine beames, what engines? Now from what vanitie can it proceed, we should so willfully contemne and disdainfully interpret those effects, which we can neither imitate nor conceive?

What faith is that like to be which cowardice of heart doth plant and weaknesse establish in us? Another country, other testimonies, equall promises, alike menaces, might semblaby imprint a cleane contrary religion in us: And what qualities of our corporall constitution, both in Plato sebnod Cicero, cannot fit and serve a thousand beasts? The soules of Emperours and Coblers are all cast in one same mould.

And if we impartially enter into judgement with our selves, we shall finde that if there be any creature or beast lesse favoured in that than we, there are others and that in great numbers to whom nature hath been more favourable than to us. I have some so ready and so excellent in it, that in good sooth apolpgy wanted nothing to have their meaning perfectly understood.

By the same reason, may they as well esteeme us beasts as we them.